Varicose Vein Pain

The Varicose veins are swollen, twisted and dilated veins that can be seen under the skin. They are often red or blue. They usually appear on the legs, but can occur in other parts of the body and if the problem gets bigger can cause vein pain.

The causes of the varicose pain are normally, unidirectional valves in the veins of the leg prevent the blood from going up to the heart. When the valves do not work properly, the blood is dammed in the vein. The vein is swollen by the blood that accumulates there, causing varicose veins.

Varicose veins are common and affect women more than men. Generally they do not cause problems for most people. However, if blood flow through the veins gets worse, problems such as swelling and pain in the leg, blood clots, and changes in the skin may occur.

Risk factors include:


  • Advanced age
  • Being a woman (hormonal changes through puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can lead to varicose veins.) Taking birth control pills or hormone therapy can also increase the risk.)
  • Born with defective valves
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • History of blood clots in the legs
  • Standing or sitting for long periods
  • Family history of varices

Other symptoms that complement the pain include:

  • Fullness, heaviness, ailment.
  • Visible and swollen veins.
  • Smaller veins that can be seen on the surface of the skin, called spider veins.
  • Cramps in thighs and calves (usually at night).
  • Slight swelling of the ankles.

Itch If the blood flow through the veins gets worse, the symptoms may include:

  • Swelling of the leg.
  • Leg or calf pain after sitting or standing for long periods
  • Color changes in the skin of the legs or ankles
  • Dry, irritated, scaly skin that can break easily.
  • Skin ulcers that do not heal easily.
  • Thickening and hardening of the skin on the legs and ankles.

AHPRA WARNING: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.

North Shore Vein Clinic